Students came up with a beautiful, 1-sentence summary for the first part of the book, Our Iceberg Is Melting: "We met Fred who wanted change for the Penguin Colony because their iceberg was melting."
Also, students spoke with each other about what their personal iceberg is. Check-in with them and see what they have to say.
At the end of class, everyone had to get up and pretend that they were presenting the problem to the Group of 10 (ie the stogy penguin board in the book). Everyone had to be persuasive and practice some public speaking.